Chandra Shekhar Azad

Context:

23rd July- Birth Anniversary.

What you need to know about Chandra Shekhar Azad?

Born on July 23, 1906, at Bhavra, Alirajpur District in present-day Madhya Pradesh.

He took part in non-cooperation movement when he was 15.

After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad joined Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).

HRA was later reorganised as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) in 1928.

Azad was involved in the 1925 Kakori Conspiracy.

He died at Azad Park in Allahabad on 27th February 1931.

Other cases Azad was involved in include the 1926 attempt to blow up the viceroy’s train, and the shooting of J P Saunders in 1928. Saunders was assassinated to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Why he is called “Azad”?

He was arrested because of his participation in the non-cooperation movement. When produced by the magistrate, he proudly announced his name as ‘Azad’, his father’s name as ‘Swatantrata’ and his place of dwelling as ‘Jail’. It was from then on that the name ‘Azad’ stuck to him.