Economics Course for UPSC

RAMESH SINGH BOOK

CHAPTER 18 Budget part -1 video

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  • CHAPTER 1
  • CHAPTER 2
  • CHAPTER 3
  • CHAPTER 4
  • CHAPTER 5
  • CHAPTER 6
  • CHAPTER 7
  • CHAPTER 8
  • CHAPTER 9
  • CHAPTER 10
  • CHAPTER 11
  • CHAPTER 12
  • CHAPTER 13
  • CHAPTER 14
  • CHAPTER 15
  • CHAPTER 16
  • CHAPTER 17
  • CHAPTER 19
  • CHAPTER 20
  • CHAPTER 21
  • CHAPTER 22

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

UNIT-I

  • BIRD SIZE VIEW OF INDIA’S ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT
  • INDIAN ECONOMY BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
  • PRE-LIBERALIZATION ERA
  • LIBERALISATION, PRIVATIZATION AND GLOBALIZATION
  • COMPARATIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

UNIT-II ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10

BASIC CONECPTS OF ECONOMICS …………………………………………………………………………………. 10

MICRO ECONOMICS –BASIC CONCEPTS …………………………………………………………………………. 11

MACRO ECONOMICS -BASIC CONCEPTS …………………………………………………………………………. 11

UNIT-III ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24

NATIONAL INCOME CALCULATION ………………………………………………………………………………… 24

NATIONAL INCOME ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 24

UNIT-IV ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29

MONEY , BANKING AND INFLATION ………………………………………………………………………………. 29

MONEY AND BANKING ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29

MONEY ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 29

MONETARY POLICY ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31

BANKS , NBFCS AND OTHER FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS …………………………………………………….. 36

BANKS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36

QUANTITATIVE EASING ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44

FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES AND INSTRUMENTS …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 44

NPAs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 45

FINANCIAL INCLUSION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 47

INFLATION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 48

CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 48

MEASUREMENT INDICES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53

UNIT-V ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 56

THE GOVERNMENT-BUDGET&FISCAL POLICY …………………………………………………………………. 56

BUDGET ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 56

POLICIES AND PROCEDURES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 56

TYPES OF BUDGET …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 56

RECEIPTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 57

EXPENDITURE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 58

INSIGHTSIAS OGP 2019 ECONOMY MCQS MODULE

DEFICIT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 59

FISCAL POLICY …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62

TAXES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 62

SUBSIDIES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 74

PUBLIC FINANCE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 74

DISINVESTMENT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 74

MISC …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 76

UNIT-VI ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 81

AGRICULTURE AND FOOD MANAGEMENT ……………………………………………………………………… 81

AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES …………………………………………………………………………… 81

MSP\ …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 94

AGRICULTURE CREDIT ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 98

EXTENSION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 98

MARKETING AND APMC ACT ………………………………………………………………………………………. 100

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 103

FOOD –DISTRIBUTION, SAFETY AND STANDARDS ………………………………………………………….. 103

INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS…………………………………………………………………………………………… 108

UNIT-VII ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 109

INFRASTRUCTURE, INDUSTRY AND SERVICES ………………………………………………………………… 109

INFRASTRUCTURE ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 109

LAND ACQUISITION AND REAL ESTATE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 110

ROADS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 110

RAILWAYS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 111

PORTS&WATERWAYS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 114

CIVIL AVIATION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 115

DIGITAL INFRASTRUCTURE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 116

URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 117

ENERGY ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 117

MINES AND MINERALS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 121

INDUSTRY …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122

GENERAL ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 122

STEEL …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 129

PSUs ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 129

TEXTILES INDUSTRY ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 131

COOPERATIVE SECTOR INDUSTRIES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 132

STARTUPs …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 132

MSMEs ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 133

INSIGHTSIAS OGP 2019 ECONOMY MCQS MODULE

MISCELLANEOUS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 135

SERVICES SECTOR ………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 137

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ………………………………………………………………………………………… 137

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS ……………………………………………………………………………….. 137

CONCEPTS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137

POLICIES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 137

INSTITUTIONS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 140

UNIT-VIII …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 140

INVESTMENT , MONEY AND CAPITAL MARKETS ……………………………………………………………. 140

INVESTMENT-THEORY ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 140

INVESTMENT -GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES ……………………………………………………………………. 140

MONEY AND CAPITAL MARKETS ………………………………………………………………………………….. 142

UNIT-IX …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155

EXTERNAL SECTOR …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155

INTERNATIONAL TRADE ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 155

CONCEPTS ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 155

WTO ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 163

INDIA’S FOREIGN TRADE POLICY&SCHEMES …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 168

INDIA’s TRADE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 172

TRADE BLOCs ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 179

THE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS ………………………………………………………………………………………. 182

THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET ………………………………………………………………………………. 183

BASIC CONCEPTS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 183

FOREX RESERVES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 184

ARBITRAGE …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 184

FDI&FII……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 184

EXTERNAL DEBT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 185

UNIT-X ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 185

CHALLENGES: POVERTY, SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE, SKILLING AND EMPLOYMENT ……………. 185

LABOUR ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 185

LABOUR REFORMS …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 187

POVERTY ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 189

DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 193

SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE …………………………………………………………………………………………… 195

HEALTH………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 197

EDUCATION ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 203

SKILLING …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 209

INSIGHTSIAS OGP 2019 ECONOMY MCQS MODULE

EMPLOYMENT …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 211

UNIT-XI …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 214

DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES …………………………………………………………………………………………… 214

SCHEMES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 214

UNIT-XII ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 226

ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICS ………………………………………………………………………………………. 226

ENVIRONMENT …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 226

WATER …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 226

UNIT-XIII …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227

ECONOMISTS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS …………………………………………………………………… 227

ECONOMISTS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS …………………………………………………………………… 227

UNIT-XIV …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 227

INSTITUTIONS –ROLE AND FUNCTIONS ………………………………………………………………………… 227

NATIONAL INSTITUTIONS …………………………………………………………………………………………… 227

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS …………………………………………………………………………………… 245

UNIT-XV ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 259

REPORTS AND INDICES ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 259

REPORTS AND INDICES ………………………………………………………………………………………………. 259

UNIT-XVI …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 273

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2017-18 ………………………………………………………………………………………. 273

ECONOMIC SURVEY 2017-18 ………………………………………………………………………………………. 273