History Optional Answer Writing

Modern Indian History Questions for Self study history

History optional course

Q 3 (a)Will it be proper to consider the megaliths to represent a single, homogeneous or contemporaneous culturer what kind of material life and cultural system is revealed in the megalithic cultures?

Q 3 (b) How would you characterize the nature of Mauryan state on the basis of
Kautilya’s Arthashastra?

Q 3(c) How did the Varnashrama Dharma manifest the increasing social complexities
in the Gupta and post-Gupta period arising from social and economic
developnments?

Ancient India

Mauryan Empire

Q1. Explain how Ashoka used religion as a tool of political aggrandizement? (2019) – Uni-Readers (unireaders.com)

Q.2 Critically analyse whether the success of the Mughals is to be credited to their robust Jagirdari and Mansabdari system. (2019)

Q.3 Do you think that the Quit India movement was a Spontaneous Revolution? (2009)

Q.4 Did the mastery over agriculture act as a leverage for the rise of Harappan town and cities? Discuss

UNIT 1 English and French east India Company,English and French struggle for supremacy and Carnatic war

Q.5 “Neither Alexander the Great nor Napoleon could have won the empire of India by starting from Pondicherry as a base and contending with a power which held Bengal and command of the sea.”

Q. न तो सिकंदर महान और न नेपोलियन, आधार के तोर पर पांडिचेरी से सुरु करके और एक एक ऐसी शक्ति के साथ उलज कर ,जो बंगाल और समुद्र की बागडोर संभाले थी ,भारत के साम्राज्य को जीत सकते थे // टिपण्णी कीजिये //

Q.6 Dupleix made a cardinal blunder in looking for key to India in Madras,Clive sought and found it in Bengal. Comment. (2013 )

भारत की चाबी को मद्रास में खोजने की दुप्लिएक्स ने एक मौलिक गलती भारी भूल की, क्लाईव ने प्रयास किया और उसे बंगाल में पाया // टिपण्णी करे // (2013)

The battle of Plassy and significance(Bengal- Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim )

Q.7 On 23rd June 1757, the middle age of India ended and her modern age began.comment.

Q. 23 जून 1757 को भारत का मध्य युग समाप्त हुआ और उसका आधुनिक युग आरंभ हुआ// टिपण्णी करे //

Q.8 How did the British conquered India “in a fit of absent mindfulness”. Comment.

Q. अंग्रेजो ने एक बेखबरी के दौर मेंभारत को जीत लिया //  टिपण्णी करे //

Q9. After 1757 there  grew up a state of  Bengal which was a “sponsor state” as well as a “plundered state”. Comment.

Q. 1757 के बाद एक बंगाल राज्य उभर कर आया जो कि एक प्रायोजित राज्य भी था और लूटा हुआ राज्य भी//टिप्पणी कीजिए //

Q.10 The Battle of Plassey was not a great battle but a great betrayal. comment.

Q.प्लासी की लड़ाई एक बड़ा युद्ध नहीं एक बड़ा विश्वासघात थी// टिप्पणी कीजिए//

Q.11 Plassey did not complete the British conquest of India. Had the English been  convincingly defeated in any subsequent battle in India, then the Battle of Plassey would have remained  as a minor episode in the history of India.

Q.अंग्रेजों की भारत विजय प्लासी के साथ संपूर्ण नहीं हुई थी// अगर अंग्रेजों  को भारत में किसी पश्चात कालीन युद्ध में पूरी तरह से पराजित कर दिया गया होता, तब प्लासी का युद्ध भारत के इतिहास में एक छोटा किस्सा बनकर रह जाता//

Q.12 After the Battle of Plassey how did India transit from the mediaeval to the modern age?

Q. प्लासी के युद्ध के पश्चात भारत ने किस प्रकार मध्य युग से आधुनिक युग में प्रवेश किया? 

Q.13 Explain the major ideas of Enlightenment. Discuss the contribution of Rousseau in Enlightenment. ( 2018)

History Optional Answer Writing

Q2. (a) Do you agree that archaeological evidence often helps in the better understanding of literary sources ? Comment. 15 Marks

(b) The development of art and architecture during the Sunga period belies the belief that they were anti-Buddhist. Discuss. 15 Marks

(c) Did the mastery over agriculture act as a leverage for the rise of Harappan towns and cities ? Discuss. 15 Marks

Q3(a) The flourishing international trade during the Kushana period gave tremendous impetus to the development of art. Discuss. 15 Marks

(b) Examine how the transformation of the Varna system from the Rigvedic to the Later-Vedic period affected the position women. 15 Marks

(c) There are no literary sources for the Harappan culture and non archaeological evidence for the vedic period Explain the phenomenon . 20 Marks

Q4(a) Explain how Ashoka used religion as a tool of political aggrandizement ? 15 Marks

(b) Do you agree that the system of land grants from the Gupta-Vakataka Period was connected with the decentralisation of state in any way ? 20 Marks

(c) The discovery of monsoons by Hippalus gave a new direction to Indo-Roman trade during the Satavahana period. Comment. 15 Marks

SECTION ‘B’

Q5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each :

(a) Discuss how Vijayanagar empire became the cultural capital of the south ? 10 Marks

(b) Examine the status of Sanskrit in Mughal India. 10 Marks

(c) Assess the rule of Zainul Abedin in Kashmir. 10 Marks

(d) The economic measures of Alauddin Khalji were aimed at greater political control. Discuss. 10 Marks

(e) Examine the European impact on Mughal paintings. 10 Marks

Q6(a) Assess the statement that ‘the philosophy of Shankaracharya revolutionised religious thoughts in India’.  20 Marks

(b) Delineate the state of agriculture during the Sultanate period. 15 Marks

(c) Sufi and Bhakti thoughts ennobled Indian psyche amidst the  vagaries of time. Elucidate. 15 Marks

Q7(a)  The emergence of early capitalism in the Mughal period was primarily due to urbanisation and commercialisation. Comment. 20 Marks

(b) Internal strife and conflict beset with personal ambitions was enough of an invitation for the Ghurids to invade India. Discuss.  15 Marks

(c) The Mughals built like Titans and embellished like jewellers. Comment. 15 Marks

Q8(a) Critically analyse whether the success of the Mughals is to be credited to their robust Jagirdari and Mansabdari system. 15 Marks

(b) It was as much the court intrigues as also the defiance of the provincial powers that hastened the decline of the Mughals in the 18th century. Comment. 20 Marks

(c) Shivaji was not merely a military conqueror but also was an enlightened ruler. Discuss. 15 Marks

HISTORY OPTIONAL PAPE-2 QUESTIONS 2019

Q1. Critically examine the following statements / Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) “Tipu Sultan was trying to build in Mysore a strong centralized and militarized state, with ambitious territorial designs.” 10 Marks


(b) “Not until independence, when economic development became a conscious and pursued policy, did the Railways begin to realize their potential for assisting in the transformation of the Indian economy.” 10 Marks


(c) “Two important intellectual criteria which informed the reform movements were rationalism and religious universalism.” 10 Marks

(d) ” … the Kol Insurrection was mainly a war of the tribal inhabitants of Chotanagpur against the non-tribal settlers and service-holders.” 10 Marks

(e) “The Cripps Mission was plagued throughout, and ultimately torpedoed.” 10 Marks

Q2.(a)How far was the drain theory a focal point of nationalist critique of colonialism? 20 Marks

(b) Examine the forces at work for the introduction of western education in India. Analyse the thrust given to it by the Christian Missionaries. 20 Marks

(c) Do you subscribe to the view that the Anglo-French tussle in Carnatic demonstrated the internal decay of the provincial chieftains of South India.? 10 Marks

Q3(a) How would you explain the major trends of the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal? 20 Marks

(b) Is it justified to say that the Government of India Act of 1935 had all brakes, but no engine ? 20 Marks

(c) How far was the widow remarriage movement effective in arousing social concern for Indian women ? 10 Marks

Q4(a) Why is the Quit India Movement characterized as a ‘Spontaneous Revolution’? Did it accelerate the process of Indian independence? 20 Marks

(b) Assess the role of Subhas Chandra Bose in India’s struggle for independence. 20 Marks

(c) How did the introduction of Community Development Programme and Panchayati Raj promote welfare of rural India? 10 Marks

SECTION B

Q5. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) “The arguments of the free traders were a curious mixture of economic hard-headedness, social benevolence, cosmopolitan idealism and class prejudice.” 10 Marks

(b) “There are many ways in which the war of 1914 – 18 was unprecedented, and in human history, entirely novel.” 10 Marks

(c) “The ineffectiveness of the League of Nations to prevent or to check Japanese aggression against China was the first serious blow to its prestige as an agency for providing security.” 10 Marks

(d) “Non-alignment came to symbolize the struggle of India and other newly independent nations to retain and strengthen their independence from colonialism and imperialism.” 10 Marks

(e) How would you explain the nature of pre-Marxian Socialism? 10 Marks

Q6(a) How did the policies of governments facilitate the process of industrialization in Europe? 20 Marks

(b) How was Italy transformed from ‘a geographical expression’ to nation state? 20 marks

(c) How far did the Napoleonic preferential stance to help out the French economy result in embroiling France in continental conflicts? 10 Marks

Q7(a) Which factors would you attribute to the British colonial intervention in Malaya in the 19th century? How did Malays react to British colonial rule? 20 marks

(b) Explain why Latin America was beset with chronic political instability and endemic military conflicts throughout most of the 19th century. 20 Marks

(c) Do you agree with the view that the formation of NATO marked a revolution in American attitude to the world problems? 10 Marks

Q8. (a) Do you subscribe to the view that Greek War of Independence was mired in contrasts of the best and the worst episodes? How did affect the Concert of Europe? 20 Marks

(b) Was Czechoslovakia served on a dish to Hitler at Munich? What were its implications? 20 Marks 

(c) Analyse the role of Egypt after the Second World War in bringing about Arab unity. 10 Marks 

Ancient Indian History Question for Self study history

Q.1 Did the mastery over agriculture act as a leverage for the rise of Harappan town and cities? Discuss(2019)

Medieval Indian History Questions for Self study history

Modern Indian History Questions for Self study history

UNIT 1 English and French east India Company,English and French struggle for supremacy and Carnatic war

Q.1 “Neither Alexander the Great nor Napoleon could have won the empire of India by starting from Pondicherry as a base and contending with a power which held Bengal and command of the sea.”

Q. न तो सिकंदर महान और न नेपोलियन, आधार के तोर पर पांडिचेरी से सुरु करके और एक एक ऐसी शक्ति के साथ उलज कर ,जो बंगाल और समुद्र की बागडोर संभाले थी ,भारत के साम्राज्य को जीत सकते थे // टिपण्णी कीजिये //

Q.2 Dupleix made a cardinal blunder in looking for key to India in Madras,Clive sought and found it in Bengal. Comment. (2013 )

भारत की चाबी को मद्रास में खोजने की दुप्लिएक्स ने एक मौलिक गलती भारी भूल की, क्लाईव ने प्रयास किया और उसे बंगाल में पाया // टिपण्णी करे // (2013)

The battle of Plassy and significance(Bengal- Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim )

Q. On 23rd June 1757, the middle age of India ended and her modern age began.comment.

Q. 23 जून 1757 को भारत का मध्य युग समाप्त हुआ और उसका आधुनिक युग आरंभ हुआ// टिपण्णी करे //

Q. How did the British conquered India “in a fit of absent mindfulness”. Comment.

Q. अंग्रेजो ने एक बेखबरी के दौर मेंभारत को जीत लिया //  टिपण्णी करे //

Q. After 1757 there  grew up a state of  Bengal which was a “sponsor state” as well as a “plundered state”. Comment.

Q. 1757 के बाद एक बंगाल राज्य उभर कर आया जो कि एक प्रायोजित राज्य भी था और लूटा हुआ राज्य भी//टिप्पणी कीजिए //

Q. The Battle of Plassey was not a great battle but a great betrayal. comment.

Q.प्लासी की लड़ाई एक बड़ा युद्ध नहीं एक बड़ा विश्वासघात थी// टिप्पणी कीजिए//

QPlassey did not complete the British conquest of India. Had the English been  convincingly defeated in any subsequent battle in India, then the Battle of Plassey would have remained  as a minor episode in the history of India.

Q.अंग्रेजों की भारत विजय प्लासी के साथ संपूर्ण नहीं हुई थी// अगर अंग्रेजों  को भारत में किसी पश्चात कालीन युद्ध में पूरी तरह से पराजित कर दिया गया होता, तब प्लासी का युद्ध भारत के इतिहास में एक छोटा किस्सा बनकर रह जाता//

Q. After the Battle of Plassey how did India transit from the mediaeval to the modern age?

Q. प्लासी के युद्ध के पश्चात भारत ने किस प्रकार मध्य युग से आधुनिक युग में प्रवेश किया? 

Unit-2   Bengal- Mir Jafar and Mir Qasim ;the Battle of Buxar ;Mysore ;the Maratha;the three Anglo Maratha Wars ;the Punjab

History optional PAPER-1,2015

Section- A

Q1. Identify the following places marked on the map supplied to you (on page 4) and write a short note of about 30 words on each of them in your Question-cum- Answer Booklet. Locational hints for each of the places marked on the map are given below seriatim:      2.5×20=50

(i)   A Neolithic site

(ii)  A Neolithic site

(iii) A Harappan site

(iv) A Megalithic site

(v)  A Harappan site

(vi) A painted-Grey-ware site

(vii) An inscriptional site

(viii) An important ancient city

(ix)  An ancient port

(x)   A site of ancient cave-paintings

(xi)  A Buddhist site

(xii)  An educational centre

(xiii) Brahroadeya village

(xiv)  An ancient capital

(xv)  An ancient capital

(xvi)  A temple site

(xvii) An ancient capital

(xviii) An ancient sea-port

(xix)  An archaeological temple site

(xx)   Harappan site

Q2.    (a) How far can the ancient Indian Shruti literature be used as historical sources. 20 Marks

(b) The decline of Harappan civilization was caused by ecological degradation rather than external invasion. Discuss. 15 Marks

(c) “Archaeology known of no Aryans only literature knows of Aryans “Examine critically. 15 Marks

Q3.  (a) How far it correct to say that changes in the post Vedic economy gave birth to new religious movements in India? 20 Marks

(b) Delineate the nature and impact of India’s contact with Western Asia and the Mediterranean world during the Mauryan period. 15 Marks

(c) “Not only does ancient Tamil literature furnish an accurate picture of widely disparate classes, it also describes the social condition of Tamil country as it was” Discuss. 15 Marks

Q4.  (a) Trace the role of guilds and trade organisations in the development of early Indian economy. 15 Marks

(b) Kailasa temple built at Ellora marks the culmination of rock-cut architecture in India. Elucidate. 15 Marks

(c) How could the local self-government under the Cholas adjust with their centralised administrative structure? 20 Marks

Section B

Q5. Answer the following questions about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) Give a brief account of the early medieval temple architecture of Kashmir.

(b) Why is Mamallapuram famous?

(c)  Mention the salient features of the polity of Vijayanagara Empire under Krishnadevaraya.

(d)  What measures did Balban adopt to combat the Mongol menace?

(e)  How does Tuzuk-i-Babri testify that Babar had been a cultured man?

Q6.    (a) Do the evidences of land ownership at our disposal support the theory of the prevalence of feudalism in early medieval India? 15 Marks

(b) Discuss in brief the land-revenue –system and judicial administration of The Delhi Sultanate. 15 Marks

(c) “Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Islamic/Hindu societies to any appreciable extent. Comment for/against. 20 Marks

Q7.  (a) Make an estimate of Rana Kumbha as a patron of literature and art. 20 Marks

(b) Why should the sixteenth century be regarded as the period of the Indian Renaissance? 15 Marks

(c) “Tantrism, if not in practice, at least on conceptual level challenged patriarchy” Examine Tantrism specially keeping in mind the above context. 15 Marks

Q8.   (a) “In medieval Indian history Akbar was unique for his religio-political ideas and policies.” Analyse this statement. 20 Marks

(b) Will it not be correct to say that the rural economy in Mughal India was relatively? Self-sufficient? 15 Marks

(c) Compare the Peshwas’ bureaucratic management with that of the Imperial Mughal administration. 15 Marks

UPSC IAS Exam 2015 – IAS Main History Question Paper II

Q1. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each. 10 x 5=50

(a) ‘Annexation of Punjab was part of a broad north-west frontier policy set in motion after the exit of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.”

(b) “The Regulating Act (1773), the Pitt’s India Act (1784) and eventually the Charter Act of 1833 left the East India Company as a mere shadow of its earlier political and economic power in India.”

(c) “The Indigo Revolt of 1859-60 holds a very significant place in our history of national liberation movement. For the first time in the history of our anticolonial struggle, its two independent currents— spontaneous peasant resistance and constitutional agitation in defence of the peasantry—came into mutual contact.”

(d) “The very idea of the bomb and the secret society and of propaganda through action and sacrifice were imports from the west”

(e) “This retention of Rowlatt legislation in the teeth of universal opposition repeal is an affront to the nation. Its repeal is necessary to appraise national honour.”

Q2. (a) Swami Dayananda’s philosophy represents both elements of extremism and social radicalism” Substantiate. 20 Marks

(b)    To characterize the quit India Movement as ‘ Spontaneous revolution’ would be partial interpretation, so also would be to look up at it as the culmination of Gandhian Satyagraha movements” Elucidate. 20 Marks

(c) A powerful left-wing group developed in India in the late 1920s and 1930s, contributing to the radicalization of national movement.” Critically examine. 10 Marks

Q3. (a) “Under the forceful thrust of British colonialism, Indian economy was transformed into a colonial one, the structure of which was determined by the requirements of Britain’s fast developing industrial economy” Examine. 20 Marks

(b) “James Mill, the apostle of utilitarian philosophy, proposed a revolution of Indian society through the ‘weapon of law’ solely. But in actual policy framing, other influences and considerations weighed much more than the colonial State.” Elucidate. 20 Marks

(c) “The Royal Indian Navy Revolt was seen as an event which marked the end of the British rule almost as finally as Independence Day.” Explain. 10 Marks

Q4. (a) Analyze the nature of peasant movements during the nationalist phase and bring out their shortcomings. 20 Marks

(b) “Jawaharlal Nehru, though a declared socialist, was pragmatist enough to focus on providing building blocks to the making of a new India” Examine. 20 Marks

(c) ‘Although the Government of India Act 1935 replaced diarchy with Provincial Autonomy, the overriding powers of the Governor diluted the spirit of autonomy.” Elucidate. 10 Marks

SECTION-B

Q5. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: 10×5=50

(a) “France was even more fertile than Britain in producing new socialist theories and movements, though bore less concrete results in France than Britain.

(b) “The multiple contradictions that quickly undermined the new edifice, had been expressed even before the meeting of the Estates General in France. The internal conflict among Estates had manifested itself.”

(c) “The whole episode that is known as the July Revolution (1830) was fought and won not for the establishment of an extreme democracy but to get rid of the aristocratic and clericalist attitude of the restored Bourbons.”

(d) “Mazzini’s conception of Italian nationality was not exclusive and his dominant ideal was the recreation of moral unity of mankind.”

(e) “The Constitutional blockade was a misconceived idea of economically defeating Great Britain.”

Q6. (a) “The Berlin congress (1878) failed to unlock the Eastern Question. Though there was no major war in Europe for nearly three decades after the Treaty of Berlin, it contained the seeds of many future wars” Critically evaluate. 20 Marks

(b) History of Africa appears to be simply an extension or mere sub-theme under the broad headings of European and American history. According to this historiography, Africa seems to be without any history before the European scramble” Elucidate. 20 Marks

(c) “The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan were considered by the Russian Bloc as a weapon against Russia in order to restrict her influence” critically examine. 10 Marks

Q7. (a) How far is it correct to say that the First World War was fought essentially for the preservation of the balance of power? 20 Marks

(b) “The failure of Kuomintang against the communist onslaught was unimaginable and it was Mao Tse-tung whose tenacity and innovative approach had accomplished the unthinkable.” Discuss. 20 Marks

(c) “The oppressive exploitation of the working class in the wake of Industrial Revolution had jolted the social conscience of England.” Elucidate. 10 Marks

Q8. (a) The UNO was created in the light of experience of the ‘League of Nations’, but in spite of the mandate contained in the UNO constitution, its effective role in maintaining world peace has lacked cohesiveness and collective approach.” Examine. 20 Marks

(b) “The European Union, a diplomatic marvel, continues to grapple with intermittent fissures arising out of economic contentious issues that pose a challenge to an effective integration of the Union.” Critically examine. 20 Marks

(c) “The role of the Non-Alignment Movement in world affairs has suffered greatly due to the theatre of internecine conflicts among the Third World countries who spearheaded it” Elucidate. 10 Marks

History optional paper-1, 2016

Section-A

1. Identify the following places marked on the map supplied to you and write a short note of about 30 words on each of them in your Question-cum-Answer Booklet. Locational hints for each of the places marked on the map are given below seriatim: 2.5×20=50 marks

(i) A Mesolithic site


(ii) A Neolithic site


(iii) A Megalithic Chalcolithic site


(iv) A Neolithic site


(v) A Neolithic site


(vi) A Megalithic site


(vii)A site known for Buddhist remains


(viii) A Harappan site


(ix) A Harappan site


(x) A Harappan site


(xi) A Neolithic site


(xii)A Harappan site


(xiv) A capital city


(xiv) A rock-cut cave site


(xv) A late Harappan site


(xvi) An educational centre


(xvii) A terra-cotta art centre


(xviii) A seaport


(xix) A capital city


(xx) A capital city.

2.(a) Delineate and account for the regional characteristics of the Neolithic period in India. 15 marks

(b) Explain why the majority of the known Harappan settlements are located in the semi-arid areas with saline groundwater. 20 marks

(c) In what way was the egalitarian character of the carly Vedic society changed during the later Vedio poriod? 15 marks

3.(a) Examine the relationship among economic growth, urbanization and State formation from c. 7th century BCE to 3rd century BCE. 15 marks

(b) How does the numismatic evidence of the period reflect the political and economic outlook of the Kushanas and the Satavahanas? 15 marks

(c) The changes in the field of art from the Kushana period to early medieval period arc incre reflection of changing outlook.” Comment. 20 marks

4.(a) Critically evaluate the theory and practice of land revenue system in ancient India. 20 marks

(b) The copious references to the preservation of Varnashrama system by the kings eulogized in inscriptions are mere reflection of the Smriti tradition.” Discuss. 15 marks

(c) How did the temples of South India, as financial institutions, have deep impact on the social institutions of carly mcdicval period? Critically examine. 15 marks

SECTION=B

5.(a) Evaluate the contents of the Tabaqat-i-Nasiri as a source of medieval history. 10 marks

(b) Analyze the significance of the Uttaramerur inscriptions of the Chola King Parantaka I. 10 marks

(c) Evaluate Jonaraja’s account of the reign of Zain-ul-Abidin. 10 marks

(d) Comment on the veracity of Alberuni’s account of the Indian society. 10 marks

(e) Delineate the development of the Mughal painting during the reign of Jahangir. 10 marks

6.(a) Explain the ingredients of the transitory nature of the early medieval India. 15 marks

(b) What measures were initiated by the Sultans for the consolidation of the Delhi Sultanate? Discuss. 15 marks

(c) Identify the broad contours of the Mughal foreign policy and their impacts on the Mughal empire. 20 marks

7.(a) “The Advaita doctrine of Shankara cut at the very root of Bhaktivada.” Do you agree? 15 marks

(b) Do you think that the economic measures introduced by the Sultanate rulers were beneficial to the common people as well? Illustrate with examples. 20 marks

(c) Assess the contribution of Firoz Shah Bahamani and Mahmud Gawan in the field of education. 15 marks

8.(a) Do you think that the agrarian crisis of the 17th century led to the disintegration of the Mughal empire? Discuss. 20 marks

(b) Was it the weakening of the Mughal empire or the rise of regional powers that led to the British conquest of India? Discuss. 15 marks

(c) Is it true that the court intrigues and weak revenue system led to the collapse of the Maratha empire? Comment

History optional paper-2,2016

SECTION A

1. Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5=50 marks

(a) Comment on the French ambition of building a territorial empire in India. 10 marks


(b) After the Battle of Plassey, how did India transit from the medieval to the modern age? 10 marks


(c) Do you agree with the view that the growth of vernacular literature in the 19th and the 20th centuries paved the way for social reform and cultural revival in India ? 10 marks


(d) “The Mutiny of 1857 was much more than a Mutiny of Sepoys and much less than a National Rebellion.” Comment. 10 marks


(e) Explain “Constructive Swadeshi” characterised by atmashakti (self-reliance), which propelled the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal. | 10 marks

2.(a) How far is it correct to say that if Clive was the founder of the British Empire in India, Warren Hastings was its administrative organiser ? 20 marks


(b) “Peace hath her victories no less renowned than war.” Examine this statement with reference to Lord William Bentinck. 20 marks


(c) “India’s need for a federal system was more an imperative than a political choice.” Do you agree? 10 marks

3.(a) Critically examine the causes responsible for the phenomenon called de-industrialisation’ in India during the nineteenth century. 20 marks


(b) How far is it correct to say that the 19th century tribal uprisings are a part of subaltern nationalism? 20 marks


(c) How did Dr. B.R. Ambedkar try to seek a political solution to the problem of caste in India ? 10 marks

4.(a) “The need to impose greater parliamentary control over the Company’s affairs increased during the decades (1773 – 1853) after Plassey.” Elucidate. 20 marks


(b) What significant role did women play in the Indian National Movement ? 20 marks


(c) Critically examine the nature and scope of environmental movements in Independent India. 10 marks

SECTION=B

5. Answer the following in about 150 words each : 10×5=50 marks

(a) “Karl Marx applied his critical intelligence to Wealth of Nations … Where Smith had seen only the sunlight, Marx saw only the shadows thrown upon the human scene by the unimpeded exercise of individual liberty …” Elucidate. 10 marks


(b) What is Metternich system? Assess its impact on Europe. 10 marks


(c) “League of Nations is a League of Notions.” Comment. 10 marks


(d) Explain the main features of the US Federal Constitution. 10 marks


(e) What factors contributed to the emergence of a unipolar world? 10 marks

6.(a) Critically examine the statement that the French Revolution was not caused by the French philosophers but by the conditions of national life and by the mistakes of the government. 20 marks


(b) “A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently, half slave and half free.” Explain Abraham Lincoln’s perspective. 20 marks
(c) Trace the significant role played by Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam’s struggle for freedom. 10 marks

7.(a) How did Lenin achieve an abrupt transition from a Monarchical autocratic to a Socialist State? 20 marks


(b) Do you agree with the view that the Treaty of Versailles was a bad compromise between a treaty based upon force and a treaty based on ideas? 20 marks


(c) Trace the growth of British imperialism in South Africa from 1800 to 1907. 10 marks

8.(a) Trace the growth of Arab nationalism after the First World War. How far was it a reaction to Oil imperialism ? 20 marks


(b) In what way did the political changes in Soviet Union influence the events in Eastern Europe during the closing decades of the 20th century ? 20 marks


(c) Outline the circumstances leading to Détente. 10 marks

2017 HISTORY OPTIONAL QUESTIONS PAPER-1

(i) A Prehistoric cave-painting’s site

(ii) A Neolithic-Chalcolithic site

(iii) An Early Harappan site

(iv) A Harappan site

(v) An ancient capital site

(vi) A Painted grey ware site

(vii) A Neolithic site

(viii) A site of Ashokan inscriptions

(ix) An ancient port and trade centre

(x) A Harappan Site

(xi) A Chalcolithic site

(xii) An ancient capital city

(xiii) A Rock-cut cave site

(xiv) An early fortified city

(xv) A Rock-cut temple site

(xvi) An ancient temple site

(xvii) An ancient capital city

(xviii) An ancient temple site

(xix) A Palaeolithic site

(xx) An ancient capital city

Q2. (a) Art and culture are reflected to a far greater extent than political history in the epigraphic sources. Comment    15

 (b) The second urbanization gave rise to the organized corporate activities that reached their zenith during the Gupta period. Discuss      20

(c) The emergence of Non-Harappan Chalcolithic cultures in Central India and the Deccan mark a change not only in the subsistence pattern of people but an overall transition from pre to proto historic period. Critically analyze.        15

Q3. (a) Critically examine various views regarding the Vedic-Harappan relationship in light of the latest discoveries.     15

(b) “The concept of Ashoka’s Dhamma as found through his inscriptions had its roots in Vedic-Upnishadic literature.” Discuss.      15

(c) The period of Indian History from 3rd century B.C.E to 5th century C.E was the period of innovation and interaction. How will you react?      20

Q4. (a) Trace the origin and development of temple architecture in India with reference to regional styles and variations.          20

(b) Buddhism and Jainism were social movements under the umbrella of religion. Comment       15

(c) The accurate picture of the complex socio-cultural milieu of Peninsular India is presented in the early Sangam literature. Delineate              15

SECTION B

Q5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

(a) The 11th – 12th centuries C.E saw eventful progression in the cultural history of India. Discuss     10

(b) Evaluate the accounts of foreign travellers about Vijayanagar Empire.

(c) Critically examine the ‘blood and iron’ policy of Balban.      10

(d) Do you consider the Rajatarangini of Kalhana to be a reliable source of the political history of Kashmir? Why?        10

(e) The religion of Sikhs was the main force of their unity. Comment            10

Q6. (a) To what extent was the Caliphate the source and sanction to the legal authority of the Sultans of Delhi?           15

(b) “Bhakti and Sufi movements served the same social purpose.” Discuss         15

(c) Delineate non-agricultural production and urban economy in the 13th and 14th centuries C.E.        20

Q7. (a) Do you agree that the schemes of Muhammad bin Tughluq were correctly conceived, badly executed and disastrously abandoned? Discuss             15

(b) Do you think that Akbar’s Rajput policy was conscious attempt to incorporate the Indian ruling elite with Mughal Imperial System?                       15

(c) “The political disintegration was responsible for the socio-economic decline in India during the 18th century.” Comment                  20

Q8. (a) “Mughal paintings reflect social harmony in contemporary society.” Discuss           15

(b) Assess the condition of peasantry during 13th to 17th centuries C.E.               15

(c) How will you view the Maratha policy of expansion? Delineate                  20

2017 HISTORY OPTIONAL QUESTIONS PAPER-2

(a) “The Maratha polity disintegrated through internal stress.”

(b)”The chief value of Raja’s (Raja Rammohan Roy) labours seems to lie in his fight against the forces of medievalism in India.”

(c) “The British railway construction policy in India benefitted British economy in the nineteenth century.”

(d) “The Arya Samaj may quite logically be pronounced as the outcome of conditions imported onto from the West.”

(e) “Sri Narayan Guru’s was a major intervention in the social reform movement from a subaltern perspective.”

2. (a) Explain the factors responsible for the recurrent of famines in the nineteenth century. What remedial measures were adopted by the British Indian Government?     20

(b) Assess the role of press in arousing awareness on important social issues in the second half of the nineteenth century.    20

(c) Underline the major consideration of the British imperial power that led to the annexation of Punjab.     10

3. (a) Trace the origin of the Ghadar movement and discuss its impact on the revolutionaries in India.     20

(b) Explain why the efforts at finding solution to India’s constitutional impasse failed during 1942-1946.     20

(c) Discuss the nature of peasant movements under the Kisan Sabhas during 1920-1940.    10

4. (a) Discuss how the Satyagrahas of Gandhi removed the spell of fear among Indians and thus knocked off an important pillar of imperialism.    20

(b) How far the developments science and technology in post-independence period put India on the path of modernity?    20

(c) Throw light on the nature of ‘Instrument of Accession’ and ‘Standstill Agreement’ signed by the Princely States with the Indian Union.   10

SECTION- B

5. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each:   10*5 = 50

(a) “Kant’s redefinition of reason and his rehabilitation of conscience marked a high point in the intellectual reaction against dominant rationalism of the enlightenment.”

(b) “The spirit behind the great reforms of Napoleon’s Consulate at home was the transference of the methods of Bonaparte the general to the task of Bonaparte the statesman.”

(c) “The roots of the Chartist movement in Great Britain were partly political and partly economic.”

(d) “18 January, 1871 had been a day of triumph for the strength and pride Germany and 28 June, 1919 was the day of chastisement.”

(e) “The collapse of Berlin Wall on 9 November, 1989 brought new meaning to the idea of cooperation in Europe.”

6. (a) Explain why England became the harbinger of Industrial Revolution. Also throw light on its social consequences.   20

(b) Why was the First World War termed as the first ‘total’ war in modern history?   20

(c) Discuss how agrarian crisis accompanied by severe industrial depression triggered the Revolution of 1848.    10

7. (a) What determinant factors, along with diplomatic, shaped the process of German Unification?

(b) Examine the statement that “the danger of ‘Bolshevism’ dominated not only the history of the years immediately following the Russian Revolution of 1917 but the entire history of the world since that date.”      20

(c) Explain why Bolivar’s efforts failed to fructify in bringing about united stand of the Latin Americans.    10

8. (a) Examine the circumstances which led to the overthrow of democracy and the establishment of Fascist dictatorship in Italy.   20

(b) “By 1980s, the Communist System of Soviet Union was incapable of maintaining the country’s role as a Superpower.” Substantiate.   20

(c) Examine the nature of Dutch imperialism in Indonesia.   10

2018 HISTORY OPTIONAL QUESTIONS PAPER-1

1. Identify the following places marked on the map supplied to you and write a  short note of about 30  words on each of them in your Question-cum-Answer Booklet. Locational hints for each of the places marked on the map are given below seriatim.      50

(i) Megalithic burial site    
(ii) Chalcolithic site
(iii) Cave paintings
(iv) Paleolithic site
(v) Political and Cultural centre
(vi) Terracotta centre
(vii) Harappan site
(viii) Vaishnava cultural site
(ix) Painted Grey Ware site
(x) Chalcolithic site
(xi) Early agricultural centre
(xii) Early Harappan site
(xiii) An ancient temple
(xiv) Political and Cultural centre
(xv) An ancient sea port
(xvi) Buddhist centre
(xvii) Inscriptional site
(xviii) An ancient capital
(xix) A Jaina centre
(xx) An ancient capital

2.(a) How did the early Indian historical tradition, as reflected in Itihasa-Purana, emerge? What are the distinctive features of this genre? 20

2.(b) “Archaeological evidence does not give direct access to the possible social and political dimensions of the decline of the Harappan civilization. What it does indicate very clearly is that the Harappan culture underwent a gradual process of de-urbanization”? Comment. 15

2.(c) Give an account of gana-sanghas (non-monarchical state systems)? Why did they decline?15

3.(a) Do you agree with the popular view that Mauryas established a unitary and highly centralized if not monolithic state system’? 20

3(b) The concept of Shramanic religions, with particular reference to Buddhism, had their roots in Upanisadic ideas. Discuss. 15

3.(c) “Doubtless it was not a free state; it was any rate a state” (K A N Sastri). Reflect upon the nature of local self government institutions in the Chola country. 15

4.(a) What was the impact of trans-regional and trans-continental trade in the post Mauryan period on social and cultural life of India? 20

4.(b)    “Utpanna dravide bhaktih, Karnate vriddhimagata I
           Sthita kinchit -maharashtre gurjare jirnatam gata II”
                                                                              – Padmapurana
       Account for the emergence of bhakti in Dravida desa.  15

4.(c) Discuss the experimentations with art and architecture during the Gupta- Vakataka period. 15

                                SECTION ‘B’

Answer the following questions in about 150 words each

5.(a) “The battles of Tarain and Chandawar laid the foundations of Turkish rule in India”. Elaborate. 10

5. (b) Discuss evidence on slavery provided by Ibn Batuta with special reference to female slaves. 1 0

5.(c) Discuss the advancement made in Textile Technology under the Delhi Sultans. 10

5.(d) “Akbar wished to assert his strong belief in God, but his concept of the way God is to be worshipped was independent of either orthodox Islam or Hinduism”. Comment. 10

5.(e) Discuss the literature written in Hindi in Mughal India. 10

6.(a) Critically analyze the changing nature of caste and gender relations during the early
medieval period. 15

6.(b) “An important feature of agriculture in Mughal India has been the large number of crops raised by the peasants”. Illustrate by giving examples. 15

6.(c) “The policy of creating heterogeneous nobility by Muhammad Tughluq started the process of disintegration of Delhi Sultanate”. Explain. 20

7.(a) Do you agree that convergence of political vacuum and impact of Islamicate culture and polity in peninsular India has much to do with the growth of Vijayanagara kingdom? 15

7(b) Describe the new architectural features added by successive Sultans’ in the construction of Tombs in India. 20

7.(c) What was the role of Sufi Folk literature in the diffusion of Islam in India in general and in Deccan in particular. 15

8.(a) Discuss the working of Zamindari System under the Mughal rulers. Also describe the role played by the Zamindars in the agrarian economy of Mughal India. 20

8.(b) “The art of building was carried to highest degree of perfection under Shahjahan”. Illustrate by giving architectural details of two of his most celebrated buildings.15

8.(c) “The Afghan invasions in the Eighteenth Century not only signified the military irrelevance of the Mughal Empire but also hastened its decline”. Explain. 15

2018 HISTORY OPTIONAL QUESTIONS PAPER-2

Q1. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10×5=50)

(a) “The Battle of Plassey (1757) thus marked beginning of political supremacy of the English East India Company in India.” (10 Marks)
(b) “The passing of the land from the hands of the peasant proprietors into the hands of non-cultivating landlords brought about increasing polarization of classes in agrarian areas.” (10 Marks)
(c) “Faced with the challenge of the intrusion of colonial culture and ideology an attempt to reinvigorate traditional institutions and to realize the potential of traditional culture developed during the nineteenth century.” (10 Marks)
(d) “An ideology of paternalistic benevolence, occasionally combined with talk of trusteeship and training towards self-government, thinly veiled the realities of a Raj uncompromisingly white and despotic.” (10 Marks)
(e) “States‟ reorganization did not, of course, resolve all the problems relating to linguistic conflicts.” (10 Marks)

Q2.(a) Was the Moplah Rebellion in Malabar an expression of anti-landlord and anti-foreign discontent? Discuss. (20 Marks)
(b) Analyse various trends in Dalit Movements in various parts of postindependent India. (20 Marks)
(c) Could Dyarchy 1919 satisfy the national sentiments of the Indians? (10 Marks)

Q3.(a) Underline the growth of various forms of Socialist ideologies in the Indian National Movement between World Wars I and II. (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(b) Trace the development of land reforms in India between 1947 and early 1960‟s. (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(c) What was the significance of Orientalist-Anglicist controversy in nineteenth century India? Analyse. (10 Marks)

Q4.(a) Do you consider the suspension of Non-Cooperation Movement a “national calamity.”? (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(b) Critically examine the turns and twists in the politics of partition in 1930‟s and 1940‟s. (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(c) Can methods and policies of the moderates be referred to as „political mendicancy‟? (20 Marks)​​​​​​​

Q5. Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10×5=50 Marks)

(a) “With the writings of Karl Marx, Socialism assumed the form of Scientific Socialism.”
(b) “The American War of Independence transformed Europe as well as America.”
(c) “The American War of Independence transformed Europe as well as America.
(d) At the end of the Battle of Sedan (1870), “Europe lost a mistress and gained a master”.
(e) “Until December 1941, the battlefield of the Second World War was exclusively European and Atlantic; thereafter it became also Asiatic and Pacific.”

Q6.(a) Explain the major ideas of Enlightenment. Discuss the contribution of Rousseau in Enlightenment. (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(b) Discuss how Japan Industrialized after the Meiji Restoration, What were the consequences for its neighbours? (20 Marks)​​​​​​​
(c) Explain the features of Apartheid in South Africa. (15 Marks)​​​​​​​

Q7.(a) Examine the role of Bismarck in state building in Germany.
(b) Discuss the factors constraining development of Africa after decolonization
(c) Outline the circumstances leading to adoption of Marshall Plan.

Q8.(a) In the Chinese Revolution of 1949, the elements of communism and nationalism were discernible. Explain the statement in the light Mao‟s strategy which was different from that of Lenin.
(b) Discuss how far the United Nations has been successful in resolve global disputes from year 1946 to 1991.
(c) Review the policy of Glasnost adopted by Gorbachev.

HISTORY OPTIONAL PAPER-1 QUESTIONS 2019

Q1. Identify the following places marked on the map supplied to you and write a short note of about 30 words on each of them in your Question-cum-Answer Booklet. Locational hints for each of the places marked on the map are given below seriatim.

(i) Brick temple site
(ii) Early Harappan site
(iii) Ancient seaport and trade centre
(iv) Stone age site
(v) Neolithic site
(vi) Archaeological site
(vii) Ancient capital city
(viii) Ancient capital
(ix) Harappan site
(x) Ancient inscriptions site
(xi) A Rock-cut cave site
(xii) Ancient capital city
(xiii) Famous temple site  
(xiv) Centre of School of art
(xv) Ancient inscriptional site
(xvi) Ancient education centre
(xvii) Pre-Harappan site
(xviii) Chalcolithic  period site
(xix) Early inscriptional site
(xx) Ancient petroglyphs site

World History QUESTION for Self study history

Unit 1 Major ideas of enlightenment; can’t Kant, Rousseau; spread of enlightenment in the colonies, rise of socialist ideas (up to Marx); spread of Marxian socialism