Poland is to withdraw from Istanbul Convention

Istanbul Convention UPSC

Context:

Poland is to withdraw from Istanbul Convention- a treaty aimed at preventing violence against women.

What’s the issue?

The reason behind withdrawal is that Poland thinks the Convention is harmful because it required schools to teach children about gender. Also, it says, the treaty tries to construct a “socio-cultural gender against the biological gender”. For example, some items of the convention foresee educating children and young people about forming homosexual families.

What is the Istanbul Convention?

It is also called as the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.

The treaty is the world’s first binding instrument to prevent and tackle violence against women.

It is the most comprehensive legal framework that exists to tackle violence against women and girls, covering domestic violence, rape, sexual assault, female genital mutilation (FGM), so-called honour-based violence, and forced marriage.

The Convention sets minimum standards for governments to meet when tackling violence against women.

When a government ratifies the Convention, they are legally bound to follow it.

As of March 2019, it has been signed by 45 countries and the European Union.

The convention was adopted by the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers on 7 April 2011.

Prelims Link:

Istanbul- location.

Istanbul convention is related to?

When was it signed?

First country to sign the convention?

Recently, which country decided to exit the convention?

What is Council of Europe?