Swaraj Party

The suspension of the Non-Cooperation Movement led to a split within Congress in the Gaya session of the Congress in December 1922.

Leaders like Motilal Nehru and Chittranjan Das formed a separate group within the Congress known as the Swaraj Party on 1 January 1923.

The Swarajists wanted to contest the council elections and wreck the government from within.

Elections to Legislative Councils were held in November 1923. In this, the Swaraj Party gained impressive successes.  

In the Central Legislative Council Motilal Nehru became the leader of the party whereas in Bengal the party was headed by C.R. Das.

The Swaraj Party did several significant things in the Legislative Council.

It demanded the setting up of responsible government in India with the necessary changes in the Government of India Act of 1919.

The party could pass important resolutions against the repressive laws of the government.  

When a Committee chaired by the Home Member, Alexander Muddiman considered the system of Dyarchy as proper, a resolution was passed against it in the Central Legislative Council. After the passing away of C.R. Das in June 1925, the Swarj Party started weakening.